In the attack on Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya in September 2013, the terrorist network responsible was a Somalian affiliate of al Qaeda known as al Shabaab. In 2012, The Elephant Action League (EAL) identified al Shabaab as a threat to both the region’s national security and wildlife as “up to 40 percent” of the group’s activities are said to be funded by the illegal ivory trade.

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