An outbreak of cholera and other waterborne diseases threaten survivors of floods in Pakistan, which could affect up to 3.5 million children according to estimates by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF). According to further UN estimates, as of August 24 the floods have claimed at least 1,600 lives, left 8 million people homeless, and directly affected up to 20 million people. The numbers continue to rise after the rains abated. Yet, as the waters recede in the northwest the Indus River surges south into the Sindh province. As early as August 14, at least one diagnosis of cholera was confirmed in Mingora, located in northwest Pakistan’s Swat Valley.